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VNuhJ (Herod)


,JNkaH fp.K 125y; VHfhd]; vd;gtDf;F fPo;g;gl;bUe;j ehs;fspy; A+j khHf;fj;ij Vw;Wf;nfhz;lhHfs;.me;jpg;gh vd;gtd; ,JNkahtpd; NjrhjpgjpahapUe;jhd;. mtDf;Fg;gpd; mtDila kfd; me;jpg;gj;NjH me;j epiyf;F te;jhd;. mf;fhyj;jpy; A+Njah NuhkUf;Ff; fPopUe;jJ. ,td; Nuhkiur; rhHe;J  mtHfSf;F cjtpahapUe;jjpdpkpj;jk;> A+Njahtpd; Njrhjpgjpahf epakpf;fg;gl;lhd; (fp.K 47). ,td; ,JNkadhdgbahy; 'ghjp A+jd;" vd;wiof;fg;gl;lhd;. mtd; nfhy;yg;gl;lNghJ mtDila kfd; VNuhJ A+Njahtd; Njrhjpgjpahdhd; (fp.K 41). mtd; A+NjahtpypUe;J thpg;gzk; t#ypj;J NuhkUf;Ff; nfhLj;J mtHfisg; gphpag;gLj;jp ele;jjpdhy; A+Njahtpd; ,uh[hthf fp.K 37-y; epakpf;fg;gl;lhd;.

1. kfh VNuhJ ,uh[h (fp. K 37-4).

,td; jd; gpui[fisg; gphpag;gLj;Jk; Nehf;fkha; mNef fl;llq;fisf; fl;bdhd;. tpNr\khf xU kfpikahd Njthyaj;ijf; fl;bdhd;. ekJ Mz;lthpd; ehs;fspypUe;j Njthyak; mJNt.

A+jiug; gphpag;gLj;Jtjw;fhf gpujhd MrhhpaDila Fkhuj;jpahfpa khpak;dp vd;gtis tpthfk; nra;jhd;. Mdhy; ,td; mjpf FNuhjpAk;> re;NjfKKs;stdhapUe;J> me;jf; FLk;gj;ijr; NrHe;jtHfnsy;yhiuAk;> khpak;dpiaAk; A+jhpy; mNefiuAk; nfhiy nra;jhd;.

khpak;dp ,tDf;Fg; ngw;w ,uz;L FkhuH NuhkhGhpapy; tsHf;fgl;L> ,tDila ,lj;Jf;F tUthHfnsd;W vz;zg;gl;lNghJ> ,tDila %j;j kfdhfpa ,d;ndhUtd;> mtHfSf;F tpNuhjkha; jfg;gdplk; Nfhs;nrhy;yp> mtHfisAk; nfhy;Ytpj;jhd;. Mdhy; rpy ehs;fSf;Fg; gpd; mtDk; nfhy;yg;gl;lhd;. gpd;G VNuhJk; fp.K 4-y; khpj;jhd;.

,NaRtpd;  gpwg;igg;gw;wp rh];jphpfs; ,tdplk; tprhhpj;jjpd; gadhf> ,td; ngj;yNfkpYs;s ,uz;L taJf;Fl;gl;l Mz;gps;isfnsy;yhiuAk; nfhiy nra;jhd; (kj; 2:16).

,td; kuzrhrdk; vOjp ,uh[;aj;ij jdJ %d;W FkhuUf;Ff; nfhLj;j tptukhtJ: mHnfyhATf;F A+NjahTk;> rkhhpahTk; (kj; 2:22)> me;jpg;ghTf;F> fypNyahTk;> nguhahTk; gpypg;GTf;F tlfpof;F Njrq;fSkhk; (Y}f; 3:1). Nuhk ,uhaDk; ,jw;F rk;kjk; nfhLj;jhd;.

2. mHnfyhA - VNuhJ (fp.K 4 - fp.gp 6).

,td; %j;j kfdhapUe;J VNuhjpd; gl;lj;Jf;F te;J> A+Njahtpy; murhz;lhd; (kj; 2:22). jfg;gDila kuz rhrdj;jpd;gb> A+Njah> rkhhpah> ,JNkah mtDf;Ff; fpilj;jd. ,e;jj; Njrq;fSf;F ,uh[hthf cWjpg;gl NuhkGhpf;Fg; Nghdhd;. ,e;jr; rk;gtk; ,NaR> Y}f; 19:12-27 y; nrhd;d ctikf;Ff; fhuzkhapw;W.

,jd;gpd; mHnfyhA A+NjahtpYk;> rkhhpahtpYk;> gaq;fu MSif nra;jjpdpkpj;jk; mtHfs; NuhkhGhpf;F ];jhdhjpgjpfis mDg;gp Kiwapl;lNghJ mtd; tpyf;fg;gl;L tpad;dh (Vienna) Njrj;Jf;F mDg;gg;gl;lhd;.

,jd;gpd; ,e;jj; Njrq;fs; NuhkUila NeH MSiff;Ff; fPohapw;W.

3. VNuhJ - me;jpg;gh (fp.K 4 - fp.gp 39)

,td; fhw;gq;F Njrhjpgjp vdg;gl;lhd; (kj; 14:1> Y}f; 3:19> 9:7> mg; 13:1). ,td; kfh VNuhjpd; kfd;. jha; kf;Nj]; vd;Dk; rkhhpag; ngz;. fypNyah> ngnuah vd;Dk; Njrq;fis Mz;lhd;.

,td; Kjy; mugpa Njrj;J ,uh[hthfpa mhpj;jhrpd; kfis tpthfk; gz;zp> mtis tpl;Ltpl;L ,tDila rNfhjud; gpypg;Gtpd; kidtpahfpa VNuhjpahis tpthfk; nra;jhd;. VNuhjpahs; kw;nwhU topapy; ,tDf;F kfs; Kiwahdts;. ,tDila nra;if Jd;khHf;fkhdnjd Nahthd; ];ehdd; fz;bj;jjpdpkpj;jk;> VNuhjpahshy; ,td; Vtg;gl;L mtidr; rpur;Nrjk; gz;zpdhd; (kj; 14:10> khw; 6:14> Y}f; 9:7). ,NaRTk; mtidf; Fwpj;J xU ehp vd;W nrhd;dhH (Y}f; 13:31). ,NaR ,td;Kd; tprhuizf;F mDg;gg;gl;l Ntisapy; mtiu ,td; elj;jpd tpjj;jpypUe;J> ,tDila Kl;lhs;jdKk;> FWk;Gg;Gj;jpAk; ntspahfpwJ (Y}f; 23:7-12).

,td; jd; Ke;jpd kidtpf;Fr; nra;j JNuhfj;jpdpkpj;jk;> mhpj;jh]; ,uh[h ,tDf;F tpNuhjkha; te;J ,tidj; Njhw;fbj;jhd;. 

gpd;G fypf;Fyh ,uhadha; te;jNghJ VNuhjpahshy; Vtg;gl;L ,td; ,uh[ gl;lk; Nfl;lhd;. mjpdpkpj;jk; ,td; ePf;fg;gl;L Lyons in Gouh vd;w Njrj;Jf;F mDg;gg;gl;L mq;Nf epHg;ge;jkhd kuzkile;jhd; (fp.gp 39).

4. gpypg;G - VNuhJ (fp.K 4 - fp.gp 34)

,td; kfh VNuhjpd; kfd;. jha; vUrNyk; Cuhshfpa fpspNahgj;jpuh> ,td; ,e;JNuah> jpuhf;nfhdp ehLfSf;F mjpgjpahapUe;jhd; (Y}f; 3:1). ,td; xU ew;Fzrhyp. VNuhJ FLk;gj;jhhpy; fhzg;gl;l Fzq;fshfpa mjpfhug;gphpak;> JH ,r;ir Kjypait ,tdpypUf;ftpy;iy. VNuhjpahspd; kfshfpa rNyhkpia ,td; tpthrk; nra;jhd;. gps;isfspy;iy. ,td; NahHjhDf;F mUfpy; xU gl;lzj;ijf; fl;b rpnrhpah vd;W Nghpl;ld;. ,td; Kg;gj;njl;L tUlk; (fp.K 4 - fp.gp 34) murhz;L khpj;jhd;. ,tDila Njrk; mfphpg;ghTf;Ff; nfhLf;fg;gl;lJ.

5. VNuhJ - gpypg;G (fp.gp 34-37)

,td; kfh VNuhjpd; kfd;. ,td; jha; gpujhd Mrhhpadhd rPNkhDila kfshfpa khpak;dp. ,tDf;Fr; Rje;jpuk; fpilf;ftpy;iy. ,td; VNuhjpahis tpthfk; nra;J me;jpg;gh vd;gtDf;Ff; gwp nfhLj;jhd;.

kj; 14:3> khw; 6:17 ,tid gpypg;G vd;W khj;jpuk; Fwpj;Js;sJ. ,tidg; gw;wp Ntnwhd;Wk; nrhy;yg;gltpy;iy.

6. Kjyhk; VNuhJ - mfphpg;gh (fp.gp 37-44)

kfh VNuhJ> VHfhDtpd; kfshfpa khpak;dp vd;gtHfspd; Ngud;. jpNghpAuhadhy; mDg;gg;gl;L NuhkhGhpapy; fy;tp fw;whd;. VNjh fhuzj;jhy; ,td; rpiwthrpahdhd;. fypFyh ,uhadha; te;jNghJ> ,tid tpLjiy gz;zp> gpypg;Gtpd; Njrq;fisAk;> yprhdpahitAk; ,tDf;Ff; nfhLj;J> ,tid ,uh[hthf;fpdhd;. fpyTjpA ,uhadha; te;jNghJ> A+Njah> rkhhpah Njrq;fSk; ,tDf;Ff; fpilj;jd.

A+jiug; gphpag;gLj;Jk;gb> Gjpa fpwp];jt khHf;fk; Jtq;fpdNghJ> rigiaj; Jd;GWj;jp> ahf;Nfhigf; nfhd;W NgJUitAk; rpiwr;rhiyapy; itj;jhd; (mg; 12:1-4). jPhpaH> rPNjhdpaH ,tdplk; rkhjhdk; Nfl;L te,jNghJ> rpq;fhrdj;jpypUe;J mtHfSf;Fg; gpurq;fk;gz;Zifapy;> [dq;fs; ,J Njtrj;jk; vd;whHfs;. ,td; NjtDf;F kfpikiar; nrYj;jhjgbahy;> NjtJ}jd; ,tid mbj;jhd;. mjdhy; ,td; GOg;GOj;J nrj;jhd; (mg; 12:20-25> fp.gp 44).

,tDila fhyj;jpy; VNuhJ FLk;gk; mjpf Nkd;ikaile;jJ. ,tDila gps;isfs; - mfphpg;gh> ngHdPf;Nfahs;> JUrpy;yh vd;gtHfs;.

7. ,uz;lhk; VNuhJ - mfphpg;gh (fp.gp 56-100)

,td; Kjyhk; VNuhJ mfphpg;ghtpd; kfd;. Jtf;fj;jpy; ,td; fhw;gq;F NjrhjpgjpahapUe;jhd;. ehd;F tUlq;fspd;gpd;  fpyTjpA ,uhad;> gpypg;Gtpd; Njrj;ijAk;> yprhdpahitAk; nfhLj;J ,tid ,uh[hthf;fpdhd;. gpd;G NeNuh ,uhad;> fypNyah ngnuah Njrq;fisAk; nfhLj;jhd;.

mg;Ngh];jydhfpa gTy; ,tDf;F Kd;ghf jd;Dila khHf;f mDgtj;ijg;gw;wp NgrpdNghJ> ,td;> jhDk; fpwp];jtdhfyhk; vd;W ghpfhrkha;r; nrhd;dhd; (mg; 26:28).

gpd;G ,tDk; ngHdPf;NfahSk; NuhkhGhpf;Fg; NghapUe;j ehs;fspy; (fp.gp 100y;) ,td; khpj;jhd;.

8. mH];njhGY VNuhJ ,td; Kjyhk; VNuhJ mfphpg;ghtpd; rNfhjud;. ,td; NuhkhGhpapy; xU FLk;gj;Jf;Fj; jiytdhapUe;jhd;. mg;Ngh];jydhfpa gTy; ,tDf;F tho;j;Jjy; nrhy;Yfpwhd; (Nuhk 16:11)

                                                                

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